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Household Terms

If you have completed lessons 1-5, you are now ready to start learning household terms. It is mainly a bunch of vocabulary words...I know, that doesn't sound fun, but it's part of the language! One of the hardest things about learning any language is just building a large enough vocabulary.

Luckily for you, this lesson will be full of items commonly found around the house. You will see them frequently, so whenever you do, think of the Korean word, not the English word. This is the best way to learn all the household terms. Plus, you will begin to build the foundation of your vocabulary with common items and tasks. You will get used to the structure of sentences and the language, and can practice while you walk around at home! It'll be a breeze :)

Household Term Nouns

Korean English
House
아파트 Apartment
기숙사 Dormitory
Room
침대 Bed
베개 Pillow
담요 Blanket
자명종 Alarm Clock
거울 Mirror
화장실 Bathroom
변기 Toilet
샤워실 Shower
수건 Towel
치약 Toothpaste
칫솔 Toothbrush
비누 Soap
샴푸 Shampoo
부엌 Kitchen
오븐 Oven
냉장고 Refrigerator
식탁 Dinner Table
의자 Chair
접시 Plate
Cup
램프 Lamp
창문 Window
소파 Sofa
텔레비전 Television
책장 Bookcase
전화기 Telephone
컴퓨터 Computer


Household Term Verbs

Here is a list of common household verbs to go along with the household terms. To form the casual style, drop the 요 at the end.

Korean Polite Style English
하다 해요 To Do
일어나다 일어나요 To Get Up
자다 자요 To Sleep
있다 있어요 To Have (Lesson 4)
없다 없어요 To Not Have (Lesson 4)
읽다 읽어요 To Read
보다 봐요 To See / Watch
청소하다 청소해요 To Clean
놀다 놀아요 To Play
운동하다 운동해요 To Exercise
쓰다 써요 To Write
먹다 먹어요 To Eat
마시다 마셔요 To Drink
가다 가요 To Go
입다 입어요 To Put On Clothes
신다 신어요 To Put On Shoes
벗다 벗어요 To Take Off Clothes / Shoes
숙제하다 숙제해요 To Do Homework
공부하다 공부해요 To Study


Total, that will give you 19 household verbs and 31 household nouns, 50 household terms total! I recommend memorizing the lists over the next few days. Once you have them memorized, remember to remember the Korean household term for the object or task you are doing whenever you do it! This will help you retain the vocabulary much faster than continuously returning to the list or a dictionary. This is a good idea to try with any word in the language, not just household terms. Keep that in mind for future lessons! Household Terms does not have to be the only easy lesson!

A Korean Paragraph Using Household Terms

Now this can be your real first lesson diving into real Korean and real sentences. It will be based using the vocabulary above, and we will examine some sentences and then have some practice ones. First, read through the following paragraph. Try your best to understand it, even if there are a couple of words you do not know yet :) You will be amazed at what you can accomplish by now if you have done the previous lessons and learned some household terms. It will all be in present tense since that is the only tense that has been discussed so far. Be sure to read it outloud to yourself at least once!

7시에 일어나요. 운동하고 샤워해요. 샴푸하고 비누 없어요. 나는 8시에 먹어요. 학교에 가요. 학교에서 공부해요. 3시 집에 와요, 그리고 숙제해요. 4시에 청소하고 놀아요! 6시 반에 저녁 먹어요 (밥과 김치와 불고기!). 저녁 후에 텔레비전을 봐요. 그리고 책을 읽어요. 9시 자요.

알아요? I bet you did! Now that you have read it, let me cover a couple things that you may have picked up. First off, this is a general account of what could happen in a day using the household terms, but all in the present tense. numbers were used to help you pick up on this. As you may have noticed, 시 means hour. 3시 means 3:00. 반 means half. It is used when you say 3:30. 3시 반. 3 hours and half! 분 is used like 시, but means minutes (it is not needed when you use 반). 3시 26분에 means at 3:26. if you see 하고 attached to a noun, it will either mean "and" or it will mean "with". In these cases, it means "and". 불고기하고 밥 would mean bulgogi and rice. Yet wait, you see another thing used for and when I listed the foods. When using to attach nouns, you can also use 와 and 과. 와 comes after a word that ends in a vowel, while 과 after a noun that ends in a consonant. It will have the same meaning as 하고. There were a few 그리고 in there. That means "and" as well! When connecting sentences that is. One final thing, if you see two or three things that all seem like verbs but don't seem to have the exact same end on the word as you would've thought (운동하고 샤워해요) You would think it would be 운동해요. But, this is one last way to use "and". When listing verbs, you can add 고 to the stem of the verb. Only the final verb in the list will be conjugated otherwise.

Now read that paragraph again (or maybe twice!) now that you understand those couple things.

Now continue to read an English translation...

At 7:00 I get up. I exercise and shower. There is no shampoo and soap :( . At 8:00 I eat. I go to school. At school I study. I come home at 3:00, and I do homework. At 4:00 I clean and play! At 6:30 I eat dinner (rice and kimchi and bulgogi!). After dinner, I watch tv, and read a book. at 9:00 I sleep.

Korean Practice Using Household Terms

한국말 책을 읽어요.
내 책이 어디 있어요?
여기 있어요!
뭐 해요?
텔레비전을 봐요.
집을 청소해요.
숙제해요.
뭘 먹어요? (무엇 = 뭐 무엇을 = 뭘)
밥하고 김치하고 불고기를 먹어요. 그리고 물을 마셔요.
샴푸와 비누가 어디 있어요?
샴푸는 여기 있어요. 그리고 비누는 거기 있어요.
어디까지 가요?
학교까지 가요.
어디 공부해요?
학교에서 공부해요.
차로 가요?
아니오. 기차로 가요.

See Answers

Where are you going?
Where (as in how far) are you going?
I am going home.
I am going as far as school.
What are you eating?
What are you drinking?
I am eating rice and kimchi.
I am drinking milk.
What are you doing?
I'm sleeping.
I'm exercising and playing.
I'm exercising. And I'm playing.
Where is the toothpaste?
I don't know. Anna knows.
Where is my house?
I don't know.
Where is my pillow.
It's (right) here.
It's over there.

See Answers



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