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Taekwondo Terms

Taekwondo is a Korean martial art, has Korean terms for everything, and this is indeed a site for learning the Korean language. So, why not include the taekwondo terms?

This page will offer vocabulary for various taekwondo terms, as well as brief descriptions about using them. You will hear these terms used a dojang (The Japanese word dojo is more well known) for taekwondo often. Also, the terms can be applied to other aspects of the language, and not just taekwondo (for example, the body parts, weapon terms, use of colors for belts, etc).

Let's get started! Click a link below to jump to the section you would like to work on, or, if you wish, start at the beginning and work your way through the list, learning at least a section a day :)

Body Parts
Belts
Weapons
Blocks
Kicks
Punches
Counting

Body Parts

Although this section has been covered in one of the lessons, it is covered here as well, providing different body parts as well that are more related to martial arts.

To find the other lesson dealing with body parts, click here. The body plays a very important part in Taekwondo. Taekwondo is a sport and self defense focusing on using your body as a weapon, leading your body to be the most important part of taekwondo. As always, Korean is presented first in the list as that is what we wish to learn.

Korean English
Body
머리 Head
올굴 Face
Arm
Hand
주먹 Fist
손가락 Fingers
손바닥 Palm
팔꿈치 Elbow
팔목 Forearm
손목 Wrist
몸통 Middle of Body
명치 Solar Plexus
아래  Lower Part of Body 
다리 Leg
Foot
무릎¢© Knee
압축 Ball of Foot
뒤꿈치 Heel
발날 Blade of Foot
발등 Instep

Belts

Since the belt system is a popular ranking system used in taekwondo, it is helpful to know the belt colors in Korean as well. This will also help you see how colors are used. If you wish to view the lesson dealing with colors, click here.

Korean English
Belt
흰 띠 White Belt
노란 띠 Yellow Belt
녹색 띠 Green Belt
파란 띠 Blue Belt
빨간 띠 Red Belt
품 띠 Black/Red Belt for Poom
검정 띠 Black Belt

Weapons

Korean English
Sword
Spear
Knife
장봉 Staff
단봉 Short Staff
지팡이 Cane

Stances

Stances are common in all martial arts. There are several in taekwondo. You will hear these often in a dojang, usually given as a command. Áñ is a term used saying "get ready," as in get in the stance that precedes the word Áñ. The list of stances is below.

Korean English
â Stance
õÈ â Parallel Stance
íÈ â Ready Stance/Relaxed
â Closed Feet Stance
ÕÁâ â Forward Stance
ü â Tiger Stance
Õ â Walking Stance
µÁÀÌ â Backward Stance
ÁÖÃã â Horse Stance

Blocks

The blocking techniques are very important in taekwondo. If you cannot block, then you will not be a worthy opponent. Below is a list of the common blocks used in taekwondo.

Korean English
막기 Block
상단 막기 High Block
몸통 막기 Middle Block
아래 막기 Low Block
올굴 막기 Face Block
손날 막기 Knifehand Block
가위 막기 Scissor Block
해쳐 막기 Double Forearm Block
쌍수 막기 Cross Block
비틀어 막기 Twisting Block

Kicks

Kicks are the most important attacks in taekwondo. Taekwondo has become famous for kicking techniques. Hopefully it will be easier to learn the vocabulary for kicking techniques than it is to learn the actual technique :) Some prove to be quite difficult.

Korean English
차기 Kick
앞 차기 Front Kick
옆 차기 Side Kick
내려 차기 Axe Kick
돌려 차기 Roundhouse Kick
뒤 차기 Back Kick
반달 차기 Crescent Kick
후려 차기 Hook Kick
뒤 돌려 옆 차기 Spinning Side Kick

Punches

Although not as common in taekwondo, there still exist some punches.

Korean English
지르기 Punch
올굴 지르기 Punch to the Face
몸통 지르기 Punch to the Body
두번 지르기 Double Punch
아래 지르기 Lower Punch
어퍼커트 Uppercut
세워 지르기 Vertical Punch
반대 지르기 Reverse Punch
칼재비 Strangle Punch

Counting

Often in a dojang, you will hear pushups and other exercises counted out in Korean. Here is 1-10 in Korean. For more details on Korean numbers, visit this page. Scroll down to 'Pure Korean Numbers.'

Korean English
하나 One
Two
Three
Four
다섯 Five
여섯 Six
일곱 Seven
여덟 Eight
아홉 Nine
Ten


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